What is a Flood?

It is a natural event or occurrence where a piece of land that is usually dry land, suddenly gets submerged under water. Some floods can occur suddenly and recede quickly. Others take days or even months to build and discharge.

What is an Earthquake?

Simply, earthquakes are the rumblings, shaking or rolling of the earth’s surface. It is usually what happens when two blocks of the earth suddenly slip past one another, or break apart from each other as a result of tension caused by prolonged energy build up.

What is a Landslide?

In simple terms, a landslide is a massive movement of rock, soil, debris or earth material downwards along a hill or slope due to the force of gravity. The movement may be flowing, spreading, falling, toppling, sliding and so on.

What is a Wildfire?

A wildfire is simply an uncontrolled fire that is wiping out large fields and areas of land. It is typically fires that started out of a lightning strike, or people carelessly starting it, or accidentally, or even arson, that went un-noticed and got out of hand. These fires sometimes burn for days and weeks. They can wipe out an entire forest and destroy almost every organic matter in it.

What is a Tsunami?

This is simply a series of massive ocean waves, triggered by an earthquake that has occurred in the sea (or ocean). The displaced water then runs ashore and into the land. This happens when the plates underneath the Earth’s surface move (focus) so that one slips under another.Tsunamis may also be caused by underwater landslides or volcanic eruptions.